Humanitarian Crises and International Relations 1959-2013

Yugoslavia Crisis 1992-1999

Author(s): Fabienne Le Houérou

Pp: 66-83 (18)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608058341114010011

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


This chapter explores the Yugoslavian crisis in 1992-1999. The methodical dissolution of the former Yugoslavia demonstrates the impact of the collapse of a bipolar order of the Cold War. In this chapter, I reflect on the history of Yugoslavia to couch the crumbling of the former nation, but more crucially, the pervasive ethnic nationalism. The demise of Tito and the rise of Milosevic’s brand of Serb national revolution in 1986-1989 set the stage for the consolidation of the ethnic-majority enclaves. The chapter examines the wars in Croatia in 1991-92, in Bosnia 1992-1995, and Kosovo 1998-1999 to frame the ambiguous responses of the International community.

Keywords: Ethnic Cleansing, Gendercide, Josef Tito, Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, Kosovo, UNPROFOR, Serbian Nationalism, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Civil War, Balkanization, Dayton Accords, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, No-fly zone, Ethnic nationalism.

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