Industrial Applications of Soil Microbes

Volume: 3

Role of Endophytes in the Development of Sustainable Agriculture

Author(s): Apexa Pareek*, Payal Lodha, Neelam Poonar and Poonam Meena

Pp: 255-272 (18)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815079753124030019

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Agricultural production is affected by both biotic and abiotic stresses. To increase production to meet the demands of the population (agrochemical products), pesticides are heavily used, which are toxic to the environment as well as to humans and animals, and also very cost-effective. For the development of sustainability in agriculture, minimum use of pesticides is recommended. In this context, microorganisms like endophytic fungi and bacteria are used to promote plant growth and productivity. Endophytic organisms live inside plant tissues and can improve plant growth under normal and challenging conditions. They provide benefits to host plants directly or indirectly by improving plant nutrient uptake, production of phytohormones, targeting pests and pathogens with antibiotics, hydrolytic enzyme production, and inducing plant defence mechanisms. This chapter elaborates on the beneficial uses of endophytic organisms in the agriculture system.

Keywords: Agrochemical, Antibiotics, Endophytic, Environment, Nutrient, Phytohormone, Sustainable.

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