Industrial Applications of Soil Microbes

Volume: 3

Mycorrhiza and its Ecological Significance

Author(s): S. Bharathi* and Deepthi Varier

Pp: 104-114 (11)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815079753124030008

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Mycorrhizae are important mutualistic associations seen among the majority of terrestrial plants. The plant’s roots get infected by a specific group of fungi that enrich the plant in various ways. Though the degree of association varies from one plant to another, researchers and agricultural experts are well aware of the numerous benefits it imparts to the plant. In turn, the fungi gain a nutritional and niche advantage over the other microorganisms in the soil. The fungi involved in mycorrhizal association usually belong to the Ascomycetes or Basidiomycetes groups. Some of these fungi can form simultaneous mycorrhizal associations with multiple plant partners. The specificity and great beneficial aspects of mycorrhizal associations have been adopted to design strategies for increased yield of commercial crops.

Keywords: Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, Mutualism, Symbiosis.

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