Water Pollution Sources and Purification: Challenges and Scope

Analysis of Seasonal and Spatial Variations of Water Quality of Dulhara and Ved Ponds in Ratanpur, Chhattisgarh, India

Author(s): Renu Nayar*, G.D. Sharma, Ritesh Kohale and S.J. Dhoble

Pp: 90-113 (24)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815050684122010007

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Pollution load, rising population, and scarcity of water have drawn special attention for the management of water resources such as pond water. The present investigation was carried out at Dulahra and Ved ponds in Ratanpur, Bilaspur District. The seasonal deviations in water such as transparency, temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrate, phosphate, biological oxygen demand (BOD), total dissolved solids (TDS), and total suspended solids (TSS) were evaluated. In the contemporary study, the BOD standards were considerably higher than World Health Organization (WHO) standards (5 mg/l). The water samples were collected from each site at outer (about 100-150 meters) and internal (10 m from the shoreline) localities. The highest mean value of BOD, i.e., 32±4.6, was found at the north peripheral S-1 in the summertime. In the summer season, maximum mean BOD 39±2.1 was found at S-2 (West peripheral) in Ved Pond. It indicates the biological pollution load on the water body in the site of North peripheral in Dulhara pond and West peripheral in Ved Pond in the summer season. Low Secchi depth readings such as 20±1.0 at S-2 North peripheral site during summer seasons are indicative of reduced water clarity that is habitually related to the existence of suspended particles and algal tinges. We also found the maximum value of total suspended solids on the north side of the pond, where the transparency of water was also very low. A transparency value of 37.0±0.40 was noted at S-1 in the East marginal sites and 30±0.22 at the East inner sites in the rainy period at the Ved pond. The transparency of the water physique is exaggerated by the elements like planktonic growth, rainfall, the sun’s location in the sky, the angle of incidence of rays, cloudiness, electiveness, and turbidity due to deferred inert particulate material. Our outcomes suggest that the lowermost water transparency value was 16.0 ± 0.41 at S-1 in the North marginal sites for the duration of summer. The concentration of Calcium ions was much above the WHO recommended value of 75 mg/l at almost all the sites and both ponds during the study period. Numerous indicators and catalogues have been established in this particular study to evaluate water quality in intermediate water bodies. For transparency studies,low-cost Secchi disk was used.

Keywords: Dulahra tank, East marginal sites, Monthly variation, Physicochemical parameters, Pond water, Seasonal variation, Secchi disk, Water bodies, Water quality parameters.

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