The Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) - Production and Research

River and Swamp Buffaloes: History, Distribution and their Characteristics

Author(s): Claro N. Mingala, Marvin A. Villanueva and Libertado C. Cruz

Pp: 3-31 (29)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681084176117010004

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Water buffalo, whether it belongs to the swamp or river type, is an important animal resource aside from cattle, whose great potential as source of products of animal origin and as a tool for research has been widely recognized. With a population of about 168 million, buffaloes are widely distributed in many countries around the world, mainly in the Asian continent as an important source of milk, meat, hide and draft power. This paper presents the history, world distribution, breeds, the characteristics of the two types of buffaloes, and the genetic improvement achieved in this species.

Keywords: Breed, Crossbreeding, Draft, Milk, River and swamp buffalo.

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